Unified in Grace

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Play Play Download Download  on Mar 3, 2013 by  Wes Pastor
Summary: God is the God of both Jews and Gentiles, justifying both by grace through faith in and solidarity with Christ apart from the works of the Law, resulting in final victory over sin, which gives unified hope in present tribulation.

  • Sermon Notes
  • Scripture Text: Romans 3:21-5:21 (ESV)

Unified in Grace

I. Universal Condemnation Established (Romans 3:19-20)

A. Law Condemns Those Under Law. i.e. Jews (Romans 3:19a)

B. Thus, All Mouths, Jew and Gentile, Closed (Romans 3:19b-20)

II. Universal Justification Established (Romans 3:21-5:21)

A. Righteousness by Faith Explained (Romans 3:21-5:11)
 
1. Righteousness of God, Revealed to All (Romans 3:21-31)

a) By Grace through Christ’s Redemption (Romans 3:21-26)

b) By Grace through Faith Alone (Romans 3:27-31)

2. Precedent of Abraham, Father of All (Romans 4:1-25)

a) Righteousness by Faith Apart from Works (Romans 4:1-12)

b) Promise by Faith Apart from Law (Romans 4:13-25)

3. Fruit of Justification, Benefit to All (Romans 5:1-11)

a) Fruit of Hope (Romans 5:1-5)

b) Basis of Hope (Romans 5:6-11)

B. Righteousness by Faith Summarized (Romans 5:12-21)

1. Analogy Established: Just as with Adam (Romans 5:12)

2. Analogy Qualified: Different from Adam (Romans 5:13-17)

3. Analogy Concluded: Superior to Adam (Romans 5:18-21)
 

The Righteousness of God Through Faith

21 But now the righteousness of God has been manifested apart from the law, although the Law and the Prophets bear witness to it— 22 the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all who believe. For there is no distinction: 23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, 24 and are justified by his grace as a gift, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, 25 whom God put forward as a propitiation by his blood, to be received by faith. This was to show God's righteousness, because in his divine forbearance he had passed over former sins. 26 It was to show his righteousness at the present time, so that he might be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus.

27 Then what becomes of our boasting? It is excluded. By what kind of law? By a law of works? No, but by the law of faith. 28 For we hold that one is justified by faith apart from works of the law. 29 Or is God the God of Jews only? Is he not the God of Gentiles also? Yes, of Gentiles also, 30 since God is one—who will justify the circumcised by faith and the uncircumcised through faith. 31 Do we then overthrow the law by this faith? By no means! On the contrary, we uphold the law.

Abraham Justified by Faith

4:1 What then shall we say was gained by [1] Abraham, our forefather according to the flesh? For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not before God. For what does the Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was counted to him as righteousness.” Now to the one who works, his wages are not counted as a gift but as his due. And to the one who does not work but believes in [2] him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is counted as righteousness, just as David also speaks of the blessing of the one to whom God counts righteousness apart from works:

“Blessed are those whose lawless deeds are forgiven,
and whose sins are covered;
blessed is the man against whom the Lord will not count his sin.”

Is this blessing then only for the circumcised, or also for the uncircumcised? We say that faith was counted to Abraham as righteousness. 10 How then was it counted to him? Was it before or after he had been circumcised? It was not after, but before he was circumcised. 11 He received the sign of circumcision as a seal of the righteousness that he had by faith while he was still uncircumcised. The purpose was to make him the father of all who believe without being circumcised, so that righteousness would be counted to them as well, 12 and to make him the father of the circumcised who are not merely circumcised but who also walk in the footsteps of the faith that our father Abraham had before he was circumcised.

The Promise Realized Through Faith

13 For the promise to Abraham and his offspring that he would be heir of the world did not come through the law but through the righteousness of faith. 14 For if it is the adherents of the law who are to be the heirs, faith is null and the promise is void. 15 For the law brings wrath, but where there is no law there is no transgression.

16 That is why it depends on faith, in order that the promise may rest on grace and be guaranteed to all his offspring—not only to the adherent of the law but also to the one who shares the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all, 17 as it is written, “I have made you the father of many nations”—in the presence of the God in whom he believed, who gives life to the dead and calls into existence the things that do not exist. 18 In hope he believed against hope, that he should become the father of many nations, as he had been told, “So shall your offspring be.” 19 He did not weaken in faith when he considered his own body, which was as good as dead (since he was about a hundred years old), or when he considered the barrenness of Sarah's womb. 20 No distrust made him waver concerning the promise of God, but he grew strong in his faith as he gave glory to God, 21 fully convinced that God was able to do what he had promised. 22 That is why his faith was “counted to him as righteousness.” 23 But the words “it was counted to him” were not written for his sake alone, 24 but for ours also. It will be counted to us who believe in him who raised from the dead Jesus our Lord, 25 who was delivered up for our trespasses and raised for our justification.

Peace with God Through Faith

5:1 Therefore, since we have been justified by faith, we [3] have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. Through him we have also obtained access by faith [4] into this grace in which we stand, and we [5] rejoice [6] in hope of the glory of God. More than that, we rejoice in our sufferings, knowing that suffering produces endurance, and endurance produces character, and character produces hope, and hope does not put us to shame, because God's love has been poured into our hearts through the Holy Spirit who has been given to us.

For while we were still weak, at the right time Christ died for the ungodly. For one will scarcely die for a righteous person—though perhaps for a good person one would dare even to die— but God shows his love for us in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us. Since, therefore, we have now been justified by his blood, much more shall we be saved by him from the wrath of God. 10 For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, now that we are reconciled, shall we be saved by his life. 11 More than that, we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received reconciliation.

Death in Adam, Life in Christ

12 Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned— 13 for sin indeed was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not counted where there is no law. 14 Yet death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those whose sinning was not like the transgression of Adam, who was a type of the one who was to come.

15 But the free gift is not like the trespass. For if many died through one man's trespass, much more have the grace of God and the free gift by the grace of that one man Jesus Christ abounded for many. 16 And the free gift is not like the result of that one man's sin. For the judgment following one trespass brought condemnation, but the free gift following many trespasses brought justification. 17 For if, because of one man's trespass, death reigned through that one man, much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and the free gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man Jesus Christ.

18 Therefore, as one trespass [7] led to condemnation for all men, so one act of righteousness [8] leads to justification and life for all men. 19 For as by the one man's disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man's obedience the many will be made righteous. 20 Now the law came in to increase the trespass, but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more, 21 so that, as sin reigned in death, grace also might reign through righteousness leading to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord. (ESV)

Footnotes

[1] 4:1 Some manuscripts say about
[2] 4:5 Or but trusts; compare verse 24
[3] 5:1 Some manuscripts let us
[4] 5:2 Some manuscripts omit by faith
[5] 5:2 Or let us; also verse 3
[6] 5:2 Or boast; also verses 3, 11
[7] 5:18 Or the trespass of one
[8] 5:18 Or the act of righteousness of one


Series: Romans

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